Natya Shastra classifies the dance as soul liberating, unlike pure entertaining. Abhinaya Darpana, the book written by Acharya Nandikeshwara is based on Natya Shastra and the classical dance Bharatnatyam is strictly following the system and rules given in the book Abhinaya Darpana.
The original Bharatanatyam is not a vulgar form of entertainment as mainly required for false success, artificial popularity and fame, making money etc. but it is for sacred ritual that is supposed to bring the spiritual upliftment to the audience and the dancer.
When Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad III came in ruling in Baroda (Vadodara), he married with princess Chimnabai of Tanjore. The queen Chimnabai brought the music and art group from Tanjore to Baroda. Family of Gurushri Kubernath Tanjorkar got opportunity to come to Baroda in 1892.
Prior to birth of Gurushri Kubernath Tanjorkar, his parents did some remarkable work in dance performance. Sir Sayajirao, who did not know Tamil or Telugu, was known to say “I do not need to understand the language as the message of the lyrics is shown through Abhinaya”. Parents of Kubernathji composed and choreographed many compositions for the king, mostly in Hindi, using the mudras and adavus from Bharatanatyam along with other creative movements to enact various scenarios: Some compositions were Radha Krishna dance, Kite flying dance “Laal Patang ” – A kite in flight is nearly thwarted before the two make peace , Scorpion dance, Madhumatta dance, Snake dance etc . All these items were very hit during those days including traditional Bharatnatyam items composed and choreographed by family of Kubernathji.
Gurushri Kubernath Tanjorkar also followed same path and made so many dance items and ballet during his career, in Gujarati, Marathi & Hindi languages, which became popular in Gujarat as well as all over India and abroad.
At present Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre and Tanjore Nrutya Shala, both these institutes are following very strictly the principles laid down by Gurushri Kubernathji. At present both these institutes are having 4 branches with strength of more than 550 students in Gujarat under the able guidance of his son-disciple Gurushri Ramesh Tanjorkar and daughter-in-law Gurusmt.Leela Tanjorkar and their family and students at present.
Shringara is one of the most important division of Navarasas. Sage Bharata Muni in his Natyashastra defines Shringara as the rasa that is expressing love, beauty, art and spiritual devotion.
It is also recognized as Rajarasa, which deserves the position of king over all Rasas hence it is found as a divine portrayal in Indian art. In Indian music, dance, or theatre Shringara is used as the primary expression to demonstrate the love between male and female, among friends, the love between a mother and her child, the love for god and the love between a teacher and his disciples.